Are you happy to choose?


(ClilPhilosophy n.1)

#. Intro (15):

Freedom makes us happy? What is the relationship between our possibility to choose from different options and our real wellness? The question is only apparently a rhetorical one.

It is a fact that, from the little things of our daily shopping to the big choice of everybody’s life, every single choice bring us to the deeper substance of our nature: not only determine we – continuously – what we are (and will be), through the choices we make, but – even more – it is properly in our freedom to decide how to act that a significant part of western philosophers have identified the ultimate essence of the human being.

Nevertheless, the question is  still there: is this freedom our door to happiness? Or shall we admit that it drives us necessarily to  a state of permanent unsatisfaction and, therefore, to an unavoidable unhappiness?

It is easy to imagine how, answering this question in one way or another, will directly influence every ethical and political consideration.

What do you think about? Why?

2. The more choice we have, the happier we are (20)

Malcolm Gladwell: Choice, happiness and spaghetti sauce
(the story of Howard Moskowitz and his re-invention of the spaghetti sauce

3. Discussion (brainstorming, focus groups, open debate…). (<10)

try to answer for example to this questions:
– What is the main idea suggested by Mr Gladwell?
– What does the Moskowitz’s story teach us about human nature?
– In which other contexts could we apply this vision? make a few examples…
– Is it always a matter of choice?
– Are there limits to this approach?
– What about the consequences of this vision… in politics… in ethics?
– Do you remember any of the philosophers you’ve studied who may help us?

4. Everybody needs a fishbowl: freedom makes us dissatisfied.

Barry Schwartz: The paradox of choice
Have you ever tried to choose the right kind of jeans?

5.To deep and follow:

You can find some other interesting ideas about choices, freedom, values  and human nature … on this TED playlist:


6. What’s your opinion?

– Please, write a short essay about one of the issues connected with this lesson: what’s the relation between freedom and happiness? what does it mean “to choose”? how do we make hard choices? are we truly free to choose? who can (and how can) influence our choices?
– …
and/or try to defend the one or the other option (choice make us happy or choice make us unsatisfied and frustrated) arguing against your interlocutor’s reasons.
remember: there are lots of ways to communicate: writings, videos, songs, poems, graphic novels, cartoons, paintings, …..

be creative! and try to convince your audience!
– don’t forget to choose an appropriate title.
post your essay as a comment  on this page.
read the opinions of your classmates, and think about them.
– Eventually, post your answer.



42 pensieri su “Are you happy to choose?

  1. From clothes to food, from smartphones to a travel destination, we reckon that the more choices we have the better it is. Are we really sure about that? At first impact most of the people would answer yes, but if we pay more attention to the question , the answer is not so easy.
    From my point of view there are two kinds of people. On the one hand there are people who prefer having less possibility of choice because a wide range of choices makes them feel stressed and anxious. On the other hand there are individuals who appreciate the freedom and variety of choice because it represents a source of happiness.
    However nowadays the choice of the single is influenced by the action of media,social networks and opinion of the others. Sometimes for this reasons the possibility to choose what we want and be ourself doesn’t corresponds with the will of the society. Nevertheless the true relationship between freedom and happiness consists in not being too much influenced, and appreciating the possibilities of choice that the world offers us.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. From my point of view it is true that if you have too many options you could be less happy because you have regrets and you could think that you should make a better choice, but ,certainly, if you have one only option you cannot be happy. I think this because it is impossible that everybody is happy of the same thing, due to the fact that everyone is different from each other. The really happiness, in my opinion, is based on the freedom of choice, on the fact that nobody, except the individual himself, can know what makes he happy.
    In spite of this, remains the fact that too many options could produce paralysis, because one of the most difficult things to do is exactly to choose. Nevertheless, just the fact that it is difficult to choose, means that this is the right way to follow, because the happiness is not easy to find.
    To sum up I think that, however it is difficult, the best way to find the really happiness is to have many options and choosing what you think it is better for you, and not let someone else choose what you have to do.

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  3. Freedom and happiness are highly correlated, indeed in most cases freedom leads to happiness.
    Epicuro said: “It is impossible to live a pleasant life without living wisely, well and justly. And
    it is not possible to live wisely, well and justly, without living a pleasant life.” Every day we have to
    make a huge amount of choices: from either the type of cereals you decide to eat for breakfast or
    the dress you put on to look more presentable, to the choice of pursuing a moral life that involves
    respecting others. It is thought that freedom allows individuals to make choices without any
    obstruction, but it seems that nowadays it is almost impossible to have this opportunity. On the
    one hand, people are more and more influenced, oppressed and limited by society. Due to its
    social standards and restrictions, many people think that only money leads to happiness. On the
    other hand, there are so many choices you have to deal with, that you feel confused and
    frustrated. Therefore, I reckon that the problem is the following: people are continuously
    subjected to questions, that they can not answer because of the exaggerated number of solutions
    available. Subsequently they can not be happy since they are ceaselessly torn among too many

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  4. I am totally agree with Howard Moskovitz because he supported that if we want to know what makes people happy the only thing that we could do is to ask them what makes them happy.
    Providing a multiplicity of choices can easily fool us. Progressing through the years things that really surprise us are incredibly getting low; i mean that nowadays there are too many options for our lives that make us look like a smartphone, a pc, a car; it is like a permanent and continuous update of our system that provide us better things but it does not provide us a better insight condition. This update makes us forget past things, simple things that time before help us finding the real happiness.
    Strongly correlated with happiness is the freedom of choice that guarantees us general welfare. I find a bit contraddictory a small part in the second video that initially tell us the importance of choice and in the end that too many choices paralyze us preventing us to choose what really makes us satisfied.
    No longer we know the word surprise and all our actions are influenced by the economic aspects and the reputation of the singular thing.

    Liked by 1 persona

  5. All the people we have either met just once or those with whom we usually share our daily life, deeply influence our way of living. We are inspired by the people we admire and we are happy when we feel appreciated by our close friends and relatives. Nevertheless, we often tend to overestimate their judgements and we even entrust our most intimate choices to them, naively thinking that they could best choose our course of action from an external perspective. Moreover we might find it easier to have someone making choices for us rather than taking the risk to choose with our own mind. Although the seek for additional points of view and opinions is definitely helpful and useful in many situations, every single choice concerning our own life should eventually be up to us. In fact, choosing means “to pick”, from a wide range of possibilities, the most suitable one for our very future.

    Furthermore, we may be free to choose, yet we are never untied from the consequences of your own choices and actions. Every choice leads to the fulfilment of what used to be a potential situation. Happiness comes indeed from knowing that, potentially, we could become and do whatever we want. How can we possibly be happy when consciously excluding an option that might have been the right one? The thrill may lie precisely in the unknown and the happiness might come from seeing the results of the choice we made, provided that the outcome is the one we had strived for.

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  6. Today is more difficult to take the correct decision.
    The freedom of choice is something for which people have strongly fought through the centuries, a right, an opportunity and an act, which allows us to be ourselves. It could be said that nowadays we are what we choose to be. Consequently, the importance of the choice is immense. However, I strongly agree with the second relator, professor Schwarz that claimed how, having a really wide range of possibilities doesn’t make us free but actually paralyzes us. Consequently we became enable to act, victims of emotions, desires and uncertainties. Naturally, I can’t sustain that having the possibility to choose is a negative thing, indeed, if we couldn’t choose how to act an behave in front of something we would be simply animals, which act following their instincts. Nevertheless in some occasions, I felt overwhelmed by the many opportunities I had, apparently similar but deeply different and I have already decided to put the final decision off. As a consequence I believe that the possibility to choose doesn’t imply necessary happiness.
    Moreover, the quality of the choice is today a really key factor. Indeed we are offered an initially wide range of possibilities and each of them is really specific; this situation produces a major risk to make the wrong choice and be unhappy. Thus nowadays we have the possibility, either to be the happiest person in the world choosing the perfect product for us, or to become the most depressed and full of regrets man, making the wrong decision. This occurs contrary to the past, when the starting choice was really limited but when the possibilities of each single choice were more, due to their general and unspecific characteristic. So today, we have more responsibility and no justifications, the only problem is that we have to know exactly what we want, in order to be truly happy.
    Eventually, I only want to underline how for example, the wide range of choices, products, universities and jobs is due to a fragmentation of original big opportunities, which were fewer in the past but allowed you to be more general in decisions. Instead today, after having chosen, due to the specific of the decision, we have paradoxically less freedom to change our minds in the future. So for example today we have plenty of different tomato’s sauces but, whereas in the past there was only a simple and neutral one that could be freely modified at home now, you have to choose already at the supermarket the one you like the most, without the possibility to change.

    Mi piace

  7. From my point of view making a choice could be difficult or not, it depends on the situation.
    I remember when I was at middle school and I had to choose which high school I wanted to attend. Actually this is not a difficult decision but for me it was a nightmare, I was really confused and I had no idea which would be the right school for me.
    So, when I read or when someone asks me the question “Are you happy to choose?”, I immediately think of this episode.
    In our life we have to make a lot of decisions, we have to choose our lifestyle, our job, our school, the food we want to eat, our sports ecc. We always have more than one choice; life is what you make it.
    I think that between happiness and freedom there is a relation because, for me, happiness is the ultimate feeling of freedom and to achieve freedom we have to take a lot of hard choices.
    Nowadays we are very influenced by internet, technology, television, Smartphone and the things around us but also our friends, boyfriend/girlfriend and parents can affect our life in a positive or negative way, so we have to understand which decisions are better than others.

    Mi piace

  8. Free will is what distinguishes man from the rest of the animal kingdom and this freedom of choice is something deeply-rooted in human nature. Indeed, every single day we have to make a lot of decisions which can influence and determine our destiny. We could even say that life itself is made up of choices.
    There is a strict relationship between freedom and happiness. Imagine being in a restaurant and wanting to order a steak. When the waiter comes, he tells you that the steaks are finished and they only have salad. Since you like salad as well, you don’t complain but, without any doubts, it would be quite annoying; the waiter would take a decision for you and, in some ways, you would be deprived of your freedom of choice. As a consequence you would get angry. This simple example gives an idea of the way happiness is related to our freedom in making choices.
    The problem is that especially nowadays social networks and medias constantly expose us to advertisements and force us to make decisions about a wide selection of products. As a result, we are not able to choose anymore because we don’t even know what we really want. Therefore, we let others influence us and we follow the opinion of someone else, exactly as sheep do. From this point of view, we are not truly free to choose and maybe we are just living in an illusory freedom.

    Mi piace

  9. Choosing is most of the time really hard to do, simply because people are scared of failure and regrets. If we had the possibility to go back and forward in time, it would be so easy to repair apparent “damages” and do the “right” choice. But, do right choices really exist? I don’t think so.
    My favorite movie is all about big choices, those who can completely change your life, and the point of it is that it doesn’t matter what you choose at once, but what you do after that. If your choice feels to be the right one, are you taking advantage of it and living it to the fullest? If you have taken a wrong direction, are you doing something to improve your condition in order to feel better? That’s what really counts, to learn from choices and to act accordingly.
    Having the chance to choose puts you obviously in a position where everything is frighteningly possible and it depends on you, which on the one hand can sound terrific, but on the other one I reckon that it gives you the power of being partecipate of your own life, actively and not passively, and it personally makes me happy.

    Mi piace

  10. Betting on choices

    Everyday we cannot subtract ourselves from taking decisions. Personally, I think that whether this possibility gives or reduces happiness, it depends on the individual nature of every single one of us. “With great power comes great responsibility”: every choose is a bet between possible results and consequences. Important issues involve big risks, and the conduct in these situations is determined by how much responsibility you are able to substain. Some people prefer avoiding important decisions: in this eventuality, at least there is no regret of failure, but, in case of good ending, you cannot feel as satisfied as if that happiness would have been produced by yourself. Somehow, this is an investment on the feeling that the choice will probably go wrong, if it is you that take it Other people (myself too) like being fully responsible of their decisions, instead: assuming consciousness of the consequences makes results more gratifying, because happiness for taking the right decision adds to the one produced by the outcome. The problem is that we can know which of these two possibilities (acting or not) is better in every situation only after the decision has been accomplished. The two options do not exclude each other, they both are legitimate. For this reason, everyone adopts one of these methods according to personal inclination. Some people are not able to risk: they are afraid by remorse. Personally I like taking full responsibility of my actions: this allows me to accept consequences and to be able to focus better on the causes of failures, and obviously this gives me plenty of satisfaction, which has not to be shared or reduced. Freedom is given value only when it is negated by taking decisions: otherwise, it becomes useless, if you are not interested in consuming it.

    Mi piace

  11. Betting on choices

    Everyday we cannot subtract ourselves from taking decisions. Personally, I think that whether this possibility gives or reduces happiness, it depends on the individual nature of every single one of us. “With great power comes great responsibility”: every choose is a bet between possible results and consequences. Important issues involve big risks, and the conduct in these situations is determined by how much responsibility you are able to substain. Some people prefer avoiding important decisions: in this eventuality, at least there is no regret of failure, but, in case of good ending, you cannot feel as satisfied as if that happiness would have been produced by yourself. Somehow, this is an investment on the feeling that the choice will probably go wrong, if it is you that take it. Other people (myself too) like being fully responsible of their decisions, instead: assuming consciousness of the consequences makes results more gratifying, because happiness for taking the right decision adds to the one produced by the outcome. The problem is that we can know which of these two possibilities (acting or not) is better in every situation only after the decision has been accomplished. The two options do not exclude each other, they both are legitimate. For this reason, everyone adopts one of these methods according to personal inclination. Some people are not able to risk: they are afraid by remorse. Personally I like taking full responsibility of my actions: this allows me to accept consequences and to be able to focus better on the causes of failures, and obviously this gives me plenty of satisfaction, which has not to be shared or reduced. Freedom is given value only when it is negated by taking decisions: otherwise, it becomes useless, if you are not interested in consuming it.

    Mi piace

  12. Does choice really make us happy?
    Having to choose has always had a key role in our lives; you could almost say that life is all about choosing. Everyday we have to decide weather we want to get up out of bed and live or if we just want to lay in bed doing nothing with ourselves.

    The possibility to choose is for me something that can be extremely hard but nevertheless has positive and negative aspects.
    The 2 videos offer clear examples of the positive and negatives aspects about choosing and, in the end , it is really up to you (to once again ) choose weather you see it as a pro or a con.

    Regarding the first video , choice is good because it democratizes the way we think. Searching for universals ( frequent among companies in the past ) was actually bad because it forced people to accept only one type of product. Yet people are different and all have different tastes therefor having multiple options to choose from is positive because it can make multiple people happy.This is what I believe Moskowitz intended when he talked about “horizontal plain”. Companies should work on different types of the same product and let the customers choose the one they prefer.This is the key to happiness ( according to the first video ).

    On the other hand however , the second video offers us a few examples which might make us have a second thought on our positive way of seeing choice.
    Basically sometimes too many options to choose from can lead to paralysis. Having to decide among many different versions of the same thing can actually confuse us to the point that we can’t make up our mind and end up not choosing anything. I personally feel a victim of this paralysis especially when I go shopping for clothes. I can never choose anything because I am always afraid that I’ll find something better in the next store I walk into, so I every time I end up empty handed.
    A part from that I think that the most negative aspect about having to choose is that it makes us miss out on the present. Our lives or full of so many decisions that while we are taking one we are actually thinking about the next one e the one after that one ending up not really enjoying the present to the fullest.

    Hence just like any other thing in life choice has pros and cons and I really believe it depends on each one of us. However I prefer having many choices and I think that this eventually leads to happiness.

    Mi piace

  13. The society we live in has acknowledged freedom of choice as one of the most important among rights. As a matter of fact, the videos above are not to discuss this, rather how the options we can choose from have developed and if we can get happiness from them. I agree with Schwartz when he brings up the fishbowl metaphore, because while I do think having many options to choose from can help us find our best solution, I reckon too much of it to be at the very least unnecessary. I also think we should have more or less choices in relation to each diffrent contest. For example, having a lot of differently fitting jeans to choose from can easily be helpful for us. We cannot however apply the same principle to something like politics, or the law. Some things have to be oriented towards universal rather than individual happiness, but I also strongly believe we should follow Moskowitz’s example whenever possible.

    Mi piace

  14. Everydays we are supposed to make a lot of decisions, from when we get up in the mornig to when we go to bed in the evening. The choices we make can be easy or not.
    We can said: “oh yea! I want this.” And then we are happy of the choice we have made. But what about make a very hard decision? People when have a wide range of opportunities can probably have some difficult to make the right choice or simply taken one.
    As Barry Schwartz said there are some people that when they have to make a decision with lots of choice they take a lot of time to make one. The paradox of choice explain that: people always think both the positive and negative aspects of each opportunities and can’t take soon a decision.
    And finally when they make a choice they are still thining if they made the right one.
    In general when we have the opportunities to choose we are more happy but it’s better have a few possibility. Obviusly most people are not so happy when they are obbliged to do something. But let’s think. Aren’t we scared of being judged from other people when we have to make a choice? Does we choose always the choice we really want without being influenced by the others?
    Anyway, I reckon that freedom and happiness are higly linked, even if it seems to be more difficult have a wide range of choice.

    Mi piace

  15. People love to choose. It makes them believe that they have everything under control and that they are autonomous. We like to choose something which reflects our style. It is a truth universally acknowledged, that having the possibility to choose means being happy.
    However, as Mr. Schwarz said, too many options paralyse us. Indeed, we think of the other options we have ignored and we feel insecure. Wouldn’t have been better to choose something else? Then, it’s often difficult to choose and so we feel stressed with many possibilities. Thus, we paralysed rather than happy and free with the modern freedom of choice.
    Finally, to make this essay more aulic, Oratius said:”est modus in rebus”: it’s important to let everyone choose what they want but it’s also fundamental not to overload anybody with a great amount of options.

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  16. Are you happy to choose?
    We could say that being human allow us to think what we are going to do and so make choices. But these choices are not easy to do at all. Every day we have to come across new problems and decision that we are due to face.
    On the one hand we are afraid of making bad and wrongs choices and so maybe it would be easier if we have only one possibility and we have not to decide on our own. As if someone take care of us deciding for us what to do.
    On the other hand I am pretty sure that in our lives we need to be those who act and not those who obey to the others.
    Moreover I suppose that choices are the best way to grow because after a bad one you reckon that and you would not repeat in the future again. Without mistakes we cannot be what we are.
    Finally, instead of the risks I think that make choices could be a way to find happiness or not but in every case you will grow after that.

    Mi piace

  17. Are you happy to choose or do you choose to be happy?
    Are happiness and the ability to choose connected in some way?
    I think that the answer is very simple: it depends on what we do after this choice.
    If the choice has been taken from us and leads to something that satisfies us, it makes us happy and in peace with ourselves; therefore the power to choose was useful and it made us the people we are: gratified and happy.
    When it is not like that, it is because we do not choose what really makes us happy, but we listen to others and we take influence from society.
    To sum up, I think that if we take choices for ourselves and for our own good, then the opportunity to choose will always lead to happiness.

    Mi piace

  18. Do not choose to renounce to a choice

    A big fortune is given to the human race: the capability of choosing. And everyday we are supposed to make a lot of choises, for instance when you have to decide if it is better to wake up five minutes later knowing by experience that you will miss the bus or to wake up in time and miss it anyway because you are too much tired. Joking aside, it is not so easy to choose, because a single decision has the possibility of changing your life definitively.
    Indeed that is why Barry Schwartz, in his lessons about the paradox of choice, said that a wide range of choices may paralyze some people for the stress and the anxiety they produce to them.
    On the other hand Mr. Schwartz believes that few possibility of choice, or even only one, provoke in some individuals a feeling of imprisonment and obligation.
    At this stage, the question that inevitably comes to everybody is if it is better for the happiness to have or not to have a wide range of choices.
    Even though a definitive answer cannot be given, from my point of view the solution stay in the middle: not too few possibility of choice so that you can have the freedom of make it by yourself, and not too many so that you cannot have regrets, without thinking that you should make a better choice. However, in my opinion, the worst decision you can make is not to take a decision for the fear to be judged from the people, and allow to somebody else to make a choice instead of you.

    Mi piace

  19. Listening to Schwartz made me feel shocked.
    I really tried to understand his point of view, but, the most times, I couldn’t. The only think I could understand, and I guess it’s the soul of his thought, is that the more choices there are, the most we feel bad if we take the wrong one, it is clear. However I also think that this is not always true: it depends on people who take the decision. If you realize that living in the past, regretting the things you could have done but you didn’t, won’t take you anywhere, then taking the wrong decision will not anymore make you feel you bad.
    Most of Schwartz’s example don’t convince me. In my opinion, for example, the one on the mobile phone of the future is totally wrong: the theory that in the future someone won’t be able to buy a cell phone which only allow you to phone and send message is a contradiction whit the idea of freedom to choose; the seller knows what people want, and will always launch in the market that thing even if is too basic for the standards.
    As I was saying earlier, I really tried to get along whit Schwartz, and the example which struck me most was the one talking about when he went buying jeans and there were too many of them to choose one, and even when he finally bought one of them and it was perfect, he felt bad because probably there was one even better. I thought on this example a long time and finally came out with this personal idea: ‘old’ people is not used to be able to choose among too many things, so they fell in trouble. The young people, since they were able to walk, they used to choose, and they got the hang of it.
    I don’t know if I came out with this idea because I am young and cheerful, but in my whole life having the possibility to choose brought me happiness and until proven otherwise, until I experience on my skin the opposite, I think it always will.

    Mi piace

  20. Being free to choose gives us limits:
    it could seem impossible, but actually it is the truth. I do agree with both of the two men who explained their thoughts in the videos and here it’s why. As far as I’m concerned, having a lot of possibilities gives us a lot of freedom but this one is also limited. Indeed, as Mr Schwarz said, our expectations are much higher because of the extraordinary choice we have every single day in our lives. That’s why we will never be satisfied, because the sauces, the clothes and the cars we buy, will never be as good as the one we desired. We live in a world that every single day creates a lot of different new things, giving us more possibilities of choice, but by having more opportunities, our desires will never be satisfied because our expectations are directly proportionate to the possibilities. I do not mean that we should have just one or two choices because this would be insane and we would end to be identical to all the other people in the world, and everyone knows that it is not a great idea. Instead, I mean that we are always limited. As Mr Gladwell said, we do not even know what we really want, so as a consequence, we can not choose freely. We are always limited: since we don’t know our own desires we are not really able to choose what satisfies us. Then, even if we could choose every single thing we would not be free because “choosing”, from my point of view, means excluding other possibilities, sometimes until the next month when we go shopping again, but sometimes for the rest of our lives. Thinking about the university choice is the easier example, since if I am going to study ancient letters I will never be able to operate someone or defending/judging someone during a trial in a court. The world, and the society with it, requires us to choose. We are not able to choose whatever we want because we don’t know what we want. We are not able to choose whenever we want because there are some other people that give us some deadlines. And even if we could choose whatever we want whenever we want, however we would not be free at all since the choice put us in front of a limit.

    Mi piace

  21. Freedom to choose

    According my point of view is better have greater opportunities for choice, rather than have a limited range.
    I think that if you were to choose between two or three things, it’s necessary to settle, instead with a bigger range of choice you really can choose what you want and therefore this leads to happiness.
    Maybe doing more difficult choices, you are more concerned to do the wrong one, but while, you get to what you really want, and this could not happen if there were limited possilities.
    It’s true that our choices are dependent by the advance of the world, by social media and many other things, but anyway we have the right to choose what we really want.

    Mi piace

  22. In my opinion today it’s difficult to choose what we really want.
    Nowadays we are very influenced by television, internet and in particular by society. So, people buy things that don’t really like, but they buy these because the system likes these. Consequently, people are more happy if there is someone that say that they have made the right choice.
    I think that the people must have a “critical sense” to understand which choice is better independently from other opinions. Advice may be useful, but our opinion is more important.
    I think that there isn’t a right answer to the question: “Are you happy to choose?”, because it depends by the choice that we are making. There are different “levels of choosing”: I believe (and I hope that people believe) that it is more important and difficult choosing the person who I have to give my vote, than if wear black or white sosks.
    When we have the opportunities to choose we are more happy, but for us it is better have a few possibility; because if we want to be happy, the choice that we made had to satisfy us and choosing in a lot of possibility increases the probability of dissatisfaction.
    I agree with Schwartz, but not totally for the reasons that I have explained.
    Choosing is difficult but helps us to grow and maybe one day we will find the way of happiness.

    Mi piace

  23. The contrast between happiness and freedom
    From my point of the view nowadays is difficult to say if choosing makes people happy or not, but it’s also hard to say if we are really free to choose or not.
    At first I can think that everyone can decide, for example as in the first video which spaghetti sauce decide, but I can’t say why people do some choices and if they are happy with the choices that they have done. When you choose something you can feel happy just because you can see the other choices and you can think that you have decided the best one and the others aren’t good as the one that you choose. For this reason I think that happiness is a fake feeling, you are happy because you have decided something but you can’t say why you have decided it.
    For this reason I think that since when we were born we aren’t free to choose because for example I didn’t decide to born, but my mother and father had decided for me, and also their parents and this to infinity. Freedom is only a world because we are slaves of something that is programmed before. No one can explain why he do some choices, for example I can say that my favorite color is pink and I can say that is pink because I like this color but I can’t say why I like this color, I like it and that’s all. Someone have decide for me in my brain the same that I have to born.
    To sum up I think that all the decision that someone takes are before decided by someone or something over us and so the happiness is a fictitious feeling only because it relates with other things and the freedom to choose doesn’t exist.

    Mi piace

  24. A step closer to happiness.

    Choices have always been a crucial point in the life of each person. The past story was made by choices that have determined the present and that will determine the future. Choices are so part of our life.
    What does “choose” mean? Choose does not always imply having to choose between two things but it can also mean finding a solution and invent a way out. So I think that choosing is important for each person but also for other people because thanks to these we can try to understand what we really want or desire. Choosing is not always easy but it is part of the game. Choose can also mean to put your ideas/opinions into discussion and to adapt to new situations. Unfortunately in front of a difficult choice we are often conditioned by external factors but to choose freely we just have to think at the best for us/other thanks our experience and our thinking.
    When a person believes in choices as something that can improve the way of life and as an opportunity, he will be free and maybe happy. Freedom for me represents a step closer to happiness.

    Mi piace

  25. Everyone want to choose everythings about his life and the powerful people know this fact, so they exploit this reason to get rich or o get more power. I think that none is free to choose what he really want becouse the powerful give us the options we can choose. The different choises are imposed by them so if we choose A or B they always get rich from this decision. For this reasons i think people are not happy to choose because if them choose A it’s just because this is the one quite similar at their own idea, but their ideas are not like A or B and probably they never find what they really want. The customers can’t find what they want becouse everythings are imposed by society, from politics, by fashion and that are, as i said before, directed by powerful people, even if they don’t take care about our needs but just their own wills. So we are not happy to choose becouse society give us the choises.

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    We could think that more choices we have the happier we are. Nowadays the human evolution puts the individual in a position that he thinks to be free to choose; in my opinion that’s not right, we think to have thousands and thousands of choices but we are influenced by the publicity, by our friends, by the TV. I think that the new generations are scared about making important choices and this is the reason why following the other people is the simplest way to live without thoughts. So, I could say that choosing doesn’t always mean happiness; I want to explain it better: we should find a balance between having one or two choices and thousands of them, too much choices don’t make us truly happy because there isn’t a big different among them and so a person can’t catch them to say that one is good and, on the contrary, the other one is not. Eventually, when people believes to be happy because of the freedom to choose that they have is not real: in fact men can not neither choose freely, nor being happy about having so much possibilities of choice.

    Mi piace

    Choosing makes you understand the risks and advantages of that choice, and this will not be the same if someone else chooses for you. You choose for yourself, to make your life better, to be happy, and not to please someone else. You are your own source of happiness. Nowadays people are in the middle of a brainstorm of questions and things to choose of. This could make you fell under pressure, stressed out, and tired of always running after the right choice. The right choice could be found among a few options, and not between 635 kinds of tomato sauces. When you choose, you choose the one thing that influences the less negatively on your happiness, so we are free of choosing; depends on us if we want to be happy or not.

    Mi piace

  28. Choosing is life.

    The vocabulary says that freedom is “The power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants.”

    Freedom is acting as I want.
    So freedom is choosing what I want .
    And, if I can choose what I want, I’m happy.

    Is this true? I think so.
    Why? Because I’m free and, fortunately I can make my own choices.
    This is the point: having the possibility of choosing by themselves.
    I fell satisfied when I realize that a choice that I made by myself reveals to be the best one I could have done, but I also feel happy when people give me advices about some choices because I know that at the end the power of choosing is mine.
    The problem born when you’re not free to choose for yourself. Unfortunately, there are some people that, because for one thing or another, could not choose what they want. I’m sure that the impossibility of choosing is devastating and it makes you feel unhappy, at least, for me it would be like this.
    Obviously choosing is not easy: it could happen to made the wrong choice, and ok, you feel unhappy, but your unhappiness is temporary because you know the origin of you unhappiness. It could happen, to made the wrong choice but you can learn from bad choices or bad experiences. Everyone, at least one time in his life has made the wrong choice, and why? Because there is a multitude of choices that you have to do every day and this is not a bad thing because this multitude of choices is called “life”.

    Life is not easy. Choosing is not easy. Happiness is not easy.
    But if there’s one thing that could make me feel happy, this is the awareness that I’m free and because I’m free, I can choose.

    “I am tomorrow, or some future day, what I establish today.” (James Joyce)

    Mi piace

  29. Happiness. Is happiness the last goal in our life? If it’s our last goal, then Schwartz’s statement is absolutely true. If we have less choices to make we haven’t to think much about them, and we can live less worried about the things we do. And by doing so we blame the wrong choices to society, that gave us so few things to chose from. But doing so we can blame everything to it and do nothing at all, knowing that the only choices we have don’t fit us at all. And if happiness would be the real goal, once we would be happy about something we could relax and hope to be satisfied for the rest of our life.
    But in my opinion, happiness isn’t our real goal, because once we are happy we seek more, we want more. And we don’t only want more things or more success, but also more happiness, and that’s nonsense.
    And I think also that being more pleased is self defeating for society, because we wouldn’t grow as society, and in my opinion progress is one of the most important things in our life. And to grow we need hard choices, we need to concentrate on ourself and find out what we really want, what our opinion is. Maybe we are more frustrated, but it helps us more than we think.

    Mi piace


    Are you happy to choose?
    The first spontaneous word that comes to your mouth is probably a laud, confident “Yes”.
    The possibility of choosing means freedom, you’ll say. And freedom is an essential human right, right?
    No doubt about it.
    But wait. Are you really happy to choose, in any case?
    Of course you are when it comes to choose to buy a good book, or when you choose to bake your favourite chocolate cake. Or when you choose to spend your afternoon listening to your favourite record. Especially in this case.
    But tell me, are you happy when you find yourself in the middle of a supermarket corridor, in front of a thousand ketchup bottles? I don’t think so. Maybe a little confused. Maybe paralyzed in front of all of this large range of ostensible choice. And probably you’ll be spending the next half hour wandering around the supermarket, unable to decide what sauce type or brand is the best one.
    I read somewhere that Heinz produces at least fifteen types of ketchup, not to mention all of the other sauces brands. And it’s exactly the same for a lot of things, from phones to clothes.
    Okay, now: do we really need all of that?
    And can we say that choosing between a brand or a different type of smartphone brings real happiness to us? Or are all of these so-called “choices” just pale, colorless covers that we use to hide our empty world?
    If we just try to dig a little deeper we notice that these things are just the result of the wrong and distorced concept of freedom that god Consumerism instilled in our society. They keep on overwhelming us with billions of products, so much that we really end up believing that freedom lies in them.
    Guess what, it doesn’t.
    You are free when it comes to choose what to believe in, what to think about the world, about God, about political decisions, or about ethical ones. And, above all, when you are allowed to speak and to share your own opinions.
    You are free when it comes to choose about your future and the path you will follow and you can do what you really want without any constrictions from other people or from yourself.
    You are free when you can express yourself through art, music, dance and creativity without being interrupted or judged.
    So if you asked me, are you happy to choose? I’d answer: it depends on what.
    The real question maybe is this one: can you choose to be happy? And the answer is yes, you can. Choosing may not always bring happiness, but happiness isn’t really a matter of being able to choose or not.
    Happiness IS a choice.
    Okay, maybe it isn’t just that easy. You can’t choose to be happy and, puff, suddenly you are. It doesn’t work like that. It takes time and, above all, a lot of courage.
    It’s more like an attitude towards life and what happens to you. It’s the ability to take your life in your own hands and to lead it where you want to.
    It can happen that something doesn’t go the way you wanted it to. And maybe it will hurt so much that it will bring you to your knees. But it’s exactly in this moment that the Choice comes to you, and it’s only up to you.
    You can choose to stay in your shadows, feel sorry for yourself and listen to sad songs all day and all night long, wondering what happened to you. Full of sorrow and regrets, you’re blind because you don’t see that the light is right in front of you, asking you to let it in.
    Or you can choose to let negativity slip away from your fingers as you fill your mind with positive thoughts. You can choose to be happy, to swim back to the surface, towards the shy rays of the sun fluttering among the waves. You can choose to stand in the light, with one more scar on your skin, but feeling as you’re in the right place at the right moment.
    And, in my case, still listening to sad songs, just because I like them.
    You can choose it. Run the risk to be happy. And maybe, just maybe, you will be.

    “I am the master of my fate,
    I am the captain of my soul.”

    from the poem Invictus, by William Ernest Henley

    Mi piace

  31. Life is all about choices.

    I think that the more choices you have, the happier you are. If you can make a choice it means that you are in control of your life and you can decide what you want or what you think is better for you.
    Maybe sometimes we have to make difficult decisions, but it is sometimes better to make a difficult decision than an obligation to do something we can’t.
    I think that if other people had to decide for us, we wouldn’t be truly happy and free. Since it is our life we should be able take our own decisions and they should not be influenced by what others tell us.
    Yes, it is true that we sometimes think that we get to make our own choices, but in reality our choices are being influenced by the circumstances of the situation around us.
    If we have the chance to choose for our selves,we should, as our own choices is what makes us unique from everybody else.
    Every day we are forced to make decisions ,but most of the time we are afraid to because we know that decisions come with responsibilities.
    True happiness is the feeling of freedom, trusting your choices will lead you to a life of happiness.

    Mi piace

    Nowadays people are undoubtedly influenced in their choices by lots of factors like family, friends, work environment and so on.
    A free choice would be a pure choice unpolluted by external conditions, but this is unthinkable.
    I can report my personal experience. I suffer from diabetes since I was seven and Ibwould life if I say that this disease does not influence my life. So in my opinion it is not always possible to be free to choose. More in general, for example, if a young loves Greek literature he must be lucky enough to have a rich family so that he can easly follow his passion without running the risk of becoming a cultured homeless.
    Furthermore it is important to make an important distinction. Undecided people will never be satisfied with the choices they make because they will always think to have taken a wrong decision. On the opposite self-assured people are always convinced to choose freely because they haven’t regrets.
    Introspective people very often are not able to be spontaneous in realtionships because in making choices( for example they ask themselves if they should or should not say something) they are afraid of the judgment of others.
    To sum up the essence of the matter is not the fact that an unconditional choice can give you happiness or not but the awareness of not having regrets can bring serenity in your life.
    There is also who decides to make freedom of choice a life mission but our society tends to marginalize these people if their freedom does not coincide with a trend

    Mi piace

    Supposing a comparison between two different perspectives we were given by watching cautiously the exhibition in this respect- in which two brave men exposed by degrees their own conception of choice – we can distinguish each trend:
    1.1) Having to choose from many products makes you happier than having to opt for something unique, even more expensive, that’s only an inspiration to the utopian view of the product itself.
    1.2) The given examples, regarding e.g. the industry of food, were clearly a successful view that contributes somehow to catch on the way of thinking that more options are the only way to satisfay better your customers.
    1.3) Nevertheless, that is a huge problem to be solved that the quality itself was about to be spoilt and no more was about to be given to the selection.
    1.4) On the whole, just choosing itself is much greater than be inert about what would you do in a particular situation you happen to be in.
    Therefore :
    Not only is the prospective choice an act representing freedom as a matter of fact, but it also stimulates in your deep thought a sense of satisfaction that could be substituted but anything else instead. The essence of freedom itself, was compared in this instance by the assortment of products, in this respect sauces related to food, that could really lead to a new conception of mentality. This vision may well be applied in other aspects of everyday life too, such as being given something you can actually easily choose from, like a menu, a type of phone, not least an idea, a sphere of studying, of conceptions. By acting in compliance with this approach you could not absolutely encounter any possible limits. For instance: if you weren’t given such a selection of products, the only way to choose the better one would be by having the best in terms of utopian view. Having the opportunity to choose from different ones is differently something to do only with: “which of them am I actually going to choose?”.
    2.1) On the whole it is not so great to choose from too many options, even in terms of your own expectations.
    2.2) In fact, since you expect to be surely satisfied, it could happen to be that you would not realise your dreams.
    2.3) Even in several aspects of everyday life that could only lead to a behaviour that makes you far too uncertain. For example having to decide yourself on the right health treatment.
    2.4) The inner relationship between freedom and happiness it’s the opposite but simple. There are so many aspects involved in making you feeling as you had more freedom than you actually have. Taking a choice is anything but not influenced from external factors, such as the environment you live in or the attitude you prove to reveal. Nonetheless, we are not so free as we’d strongly lead to believe.
    Unlike the first point of view, this particular one deals with drawbacks caused by too many options to choose from though. Explaining it very clearly: while at buying anything you would absolutely need at once, no matter the product – were it an electronic device, the choice would be far wider – you insist on finding out the fitting one for you, and should you not live up to this expectations, you would happen to be only discouraged by what had in fact happened. When it comes to buying something in between thousands of the same, you would always think that would be easier for you to find the suitable product for you anyway, even if you do search among a huge quantity of this amount.
    Thinking in my true self, in my being, – omitting the fact that Italian food for its quality and its tradition either would be far better than industrial sauces anyway, which even contain approximately same ingredients too – having the opportunity to choose from so many products may be anything but advantageous, on the behalf of my typical flavor in addition. But the authentic fact is that tendency, advertisement and such things, considerably prevent us from choosing the product that would fit for us, however we believe it. Indeed, to know what’s exactly in front of you, you must receive minimal information about it, but that should be considered the utmost issue. Let’s explain it this way: you need a new car that would represent your personality as well. You’d think a bit deeper about it, but always considering the information you would be given by media, by society, by advertisement. So, you’re not even conscious of what you’re about to buy. You just know that if you buy it, that would a great opportunity, and missing it would only be a pity. The essence of everything could no longer change its being, and comparing many cars of the same categories – in this case price affects a lot, since it is an industrial product- you would realise that, despite the power of their engines, when you get something your expectations would go along with characteristics of this certain product. However, in the society we live in, categories of products exit, albeit the same categories consist actually of the same elements. The problem is converted therefore into: “What are actually palpable difference?”. This type of choices, concerning strategies of trade, are only misleading, ever worse deceptive; choice aiming at distracting our attention from the quality of the product itself, that happened as a result of this revolutionary way of thinking in industry, I would say.
    As far as this is concerned, speculation and scams have forever made something apparently advantageous, yet deeper the contrary, lest they lose profit.
    Nevertheless, most of opportunity to choose are mostly benefits for ourselves, e.g.: freedom of speech – we can indeed pronounce what you consider right -, freedom of worship, liberalism, and so forth.
    Western culture is based on the freedom in conjunction with our own decision, lest the civilization in which we live in, would be destructively destroyed. It follows that we have always been choosing what’s right for our consciousness since the birth of rights, given to every individual. Therefore, choosing is essential for us, no matter what it concerns, whether is a material object or something abstract, we just need it the way we behave and interact reciprocally.

    Mi piace

  34. Who can influence our choices?
    First of all I think we aren’t this free to choose, rather we are influenced by something or someone everytime we choose between something. I think that our method to think is strongly influenced by the effects the choice will have, like “how will I feel once I bought that thing?” or “what will the people around me say about my choice?”. In my opinion we will always be limited by something and we will always be forced to some choices even if we think we are free. The society we live in not only takes a great part in this influences but it’s maybe the biggest, because fit in with other people is one of the most important tings for a human (“Man is by nature a social animal” said Aristotele), in fact no one wants to be left out the group or to feel dumb. When we have to choose we always think about how other people will be seeing us or if we will seem riddiculous to others, so when we choose we do it in function of other’s thinking too, our choices then are actually made not only by us, but with the influence of the society.

    Mi piace

  35. We are happy and free to choose in any case? It’s impossible, even if you think that you have all the opportunities, you don’t. Everywhere, everytime, every choice it’s not a free choice, always there is something hidden, and you just chose something between a preselected range of thing. There are a lot of example in the Malcolm Gladwell’s speech that give us an idea of how we are blocked in a box with just a part of the wide range of choices. If we can’t try something out of the box we can’t choose something that we really like and have a free choice, because we are limited from the walls, symbolizing society.
    But this argument is not connected with happines, happines is just a way of human to say that we made the right choice, yes is difficult to have happines with a wide range of choice, like Barry Schwartz said “All of this choice has two effects, two negative effects on people, one effect, paradoxically, is that it produces paralysis rather than liberation[…]”. So if we are paralized, because of the ammount of choices, we are not happy, but we are free to choose. Happines and freedom or freewill are not connected, happines as i said before is just an emotion used to be sure about the choice that we have made, happines is a consequence of choosing.

    If you can say that your choises make you happy, it’s because you unconsciously know that all the other choices was not good for you.

    Mi piace

  36. My idea is that more possibility and options we have, more difficult is our choice and less happily we live. My argument is similar to Schwartz’s one, in particular I think that having too many options is worse than having one only option. I mean that in the first case we have the struggle to take a choice that in the end hardly ever makes us happier than before, and in the second case we can’t just choose. If I say so, many people can say that they prefer having the chance to choose between many options but I guess that if I have a lot of possibilities and I have to choose only one of them, after taking that decision I always have regrets and I’ll never be able to make them fade so I’m not ok with myself; on the other side if I have one only possibility I must take that choice anyway, so actually it’s not a real choice but in the end, if I don’t like that thing, I can’t blame myself because I haven’t choose that, and if I like that choice I’m happy. Obviously mine is an extreme idea but I think that it’s the best way to explain my opinion. In general I can say that if we have few options, we live better than if we have as many options that we can’t handle.

    Mi piace

  37. Are choices something that makes us free?
    I think so, as having just an option to choose can’t be classified as being free.
    Yes, some people could be arguing that having many choices can lead us to a state of indecision, but I just partially agree with that: I’d rather prefer spending some time choosing what best fits me than being restricted by having a single choice. Other may even say that having to choose between many options could make people sad as it elevates expectations of the final product that won’t probably be reached. To them people I want to say that we should just be happy because the product, that each person choses, will be better than the one they might have picked up if they had just an option to choose from. Why? Because they chose what they wanted! That’s why we shouldn’t be having really high expectations on our decisions and why we should be happy with our good, final product; that’s why I think that having choices makes us happy and free…but freedom could also be leading us to sadness, if used in the wrong way.

    Mi piace


    Nowadays,thanks to losts of battles fought in the past for rigths such as the vote one, we have surely achieved a high level of freedom; but the question is :”what’s the relation between freedom and happiness?”. If I was asked such a question I would answer :” It dipends on the person’s charachter !”.

    First of all must be said that freedom means resposnability and as a consequence it is extremely natural the presence of people who don’t assume this responsability. If some people take their own free choice, and this choice turns out to be a failure, they will regret their selection, hence for this kind of people the freedom of choice decreases their happines. On the contrary, if these people couldn’t have chosen, due to the absence of the sense of guilt,they would have been far more happier.

    On the other hand there are people for whome the freedom of choice makes them happy. Despite having chosen wrong, they are happy because they had the possibility to follow their will. This kind of people accept without any rimorse the fact that they have failed.

    In conclusion I would like to express my own opinion. To my mind I prefer to have the possibility to choose beacuse, otherwise, I would always be subjected to other’s choices wich automatically means living as an object instead of a subject.

    Mi piace

  39. How should we choose?
    Every day we are called to choose between hundreds of different things from when we wake up until we go to bed. Some of them are easy and we are used to make them daily, but some others can be so important that take a lot of time to make it. Nowadays we have the opportunity to decide between hundreds of possibilities, and we feel the need to analyze them all, but is the amount of time it takes always worth it?
    On one hand it would be stupid to choose the first option (that probably won’t satisfy us at all) just to spare some time, during which we would end up struggling for our bad choice, when we could have the perfect solution right next to us. So it can be legit to analyze all the options in order to impreve our well-being at most.
    But on the other hand, how many times we sat for minutes and minutes in front of out wardarobe, struggling on which outfit would have fit us better in an occasion, just to end up wearing the same old jeans and the same old shirt? Or how often we stared at our fridge because we wanted to eat something different and then (for a lack of ingredients or a lack of inspiration) we ate the same old pasta? We could go on and on for hours listing ocasions when we waste our time on useless choices.
    In conclusion I think that we should invest our time in those choices which will affect our life a lot, (like our job, our house, our univerity, ecc) and we could spare the time we waste on those decisions which won’t probably affect out life that much.

    Mi piace

  40. Choice is good but…

    I think that the possibility of choice can permit us to live happier and more fulfilling lives. Imagine for example if your parents forces you in an university that didn’t interest you, or if you can’t chose to practice a sport that you love because there aren’t the proper facilities near you. I can list thousand of examples where you can’t choose and many of them have one thing in common, it’s frustrating. This can be explained in a very simple way: more options you have, higher are the chances that you find those who matches your personality and your interests. But it’s also true that sometimes a too large range of choices can overwhelm us, I think for example at the incredible amount of time that I and my family spent just searching for a new flat screen TV and the fatigue to understand the meaning of all the numbers written in the datasheets. How we can escape from pitfalls like this? My opinion is to choose better and less. Choose better means search many information before an important decision (for example the school to attend) using the amazing opportunities to stay informed that we have nowadays to take better decisions. Another important think for a smoother and smarter decision making problem is to choose less. Psychologist showed that more decision we do in a set amount of time worst choices we take. The reason is that every decision, also the less relevant, consumes a part of our mental energy and when we are tired we evaluate and chose bad. A way to overcome this problem is to give the right priority to each choice: Spend 20 minutes to decide what to wear or stress yourself in front of a computer for a week just to find the best television for your living room is pointless, decisions like these can be taken in less time leaving your mind free for more important things.

    Mi piace

  41. Do “choices” affect our happiness?

    The two videos we watched in class expressed two opposite opinions on the availability of choice: is the number of choices directly or indirectly proportional to our happiness? Based on the first essay I’ve written, I would like to explain my point of view on this dilemma, explaining why after all both Malcolm Gladwell and Barry Schwartz didn’t really find the correct answer.
    “Reality” is what we perceive and can distinguish from our own thoughts, imagination and dreams. This chaotic being/thing is made up of information that we need to categorize in order to ensure a relatively easy life for ourselves. This categorization divides reality’s components into things (this is the reason why reality isn’t considered a being/thing, but the container in which all things are placed), which are in relation to each other by actions. These actions are nothing more than choices we make every living second. “Should I go on or should I stop?” is the question we subconsciously ask ourselves, continuously, because it is the essence of what makes us existent. This choice, that finds an immediate answer (for an inexplicable reason, I find, that must be a natural law given its intensity), is followed by a myriad of other choices that arise from the abundance of information we perceive every moment. If choice is explained this way, then it does exist.
    But does “choice”, in its conventional meaning, exist? Are we absolutely free, free to choose? Given the fact that I can only prove the existence of myself, it will never be possible to say if freedom exists or not.
    But if, hypothetically, reality’s existence as a “world” were proven, and I were proven to be in that world, would freedom of choice exist? Yes, it would have to exist, because the fact that I can think of myself as “I” and everything else as “not-I” is already proof to negate an existence of a “ruling principle” that would deprive us (me) of our (my) freedom. The concept of a single, autonomous thinking mind goes hand in hand with the idea of total freedom. Therefore, we are free.
    So… If we are free and part of a larger world with which we interact by choosing (in the conventional meaning of the word), are we happier if we are given more possibilities when choosing something? No, we aren’t happier, but we are more satisfied. Happiness is a state we continuously long for, a total inner peace, that gets disrupted every time a choice needs to be made, no matter how many possibilities are given. Satisfaction, instead, is a mechanism of self-reward that is given after a choice has been done. This mechanism is built to give us a reward proportional to the difficulty of the choice (which rises with the number of possibilities). Would the total absence of choices (always in the conventional meaning of the word) mean a total state of happiness? That I don’t know…

    Mi piace


    Freedom to choose is not obvious at all because, as human beings, when we have to take a decision, we are influenced by a large number of internal and external conditionings coming from the society like fashion, media, other people and from ourselves like feelings, fears, passions.
    The main point of this issue is that we are not really free to choose because there will be always something that influences us at the moment of the choice. But in my opinion, if we were free to choose at all without any kind of conditioning, the differences among people would be deleted. I think that in some cases the conditionings aren’t obstacles to the choices because, for instance, if we take into account the choice of the university, a passion could lead me to choose a course of study rather than another one. This is a choice that only regards the person who I am because it is the result of an internal conditioning that makes me different from others, who, in turn, are influenced by passions that make them different from other people.
    In conclusion I can say that in my point of view some conditionings are not superfluous but are something that contribute to define a person according to his choices.

    Mi piace


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